There are a number of tools municipalities can use to implement actions on energy and emissions. Some examples include:
- Official plan policies, including policies related to greenhouse gas reductions, energy efficiency in buildings and renewable energy, among other examples.
- Zoning by-laws that encourage or mandate intensification, mixed-use development, walkability, renewable energy infrastructure and increased public transportation support (ex. secondary suite allowances), among other examples.
- Site plan controls such as storm water retention systems or energy efficiency requirements.
- Other land use policies, including plans of subdivision, community improvement plans and settlement area boundaries.
- Development permit systems such as requirements for brownfield redevelopment, green roof installation, water conservation measures, street and lot layout that reduce energy consumption, transportation demand management, and renewable energy system installation.
- Financial tools such as Local Improvement Charges.
- Financial incentives such as height and density bonusing, area-specific development charges, congestion/parking charges, municipal tax allocation.
- Building code requirements, municipal building standards and efficiency guidelines.
See the Smart Energy Atlas for more examples of tools and community energy projects across Canada.