Community Energy Plans are also commonly referred to as Local Action Plans, Municipal Energy Plans, Community Energy and Emissions Plans, Energy and Greenhouse Gas Management Plans and Integrated Community Energy Plans. Generally each of these different types of plans are very similar and contain much of the same content, and aim to achieve similar objectives of a CEP, described in Question 1. We explain what each of these terms mean below.
- A Local Action Plan (LAP) is a term used by the Federation of Canadian Municipalities in reference to the Partners for Climate Protection program. Through the PCP program, a LAP is intended to commit a municipality to reducing emissions and developing an implementation plan to achieve their objectives. The primary scope of LAPs is on energy and emissions planning. Click here to read more about the Partners for Climate Protection Program.
- A Municipal Energy Plan (MEP) is a term used by the Ontario Government for the Municipal Energy Plan Program. An MEP “supports municipalities’ efforts to better understand their local energy needs, identify opportunities for energy efficiency and clean energy, and develop plans to meet their goals.” See the Ontario Ministry of Energy website here for more information about MEPs.
- Community Energy and Emissions Plans (CEEPs) are most commonly found in British Columbia. Municipalities in British Columbia are required to conduct Community Energy Emissions Inventories as established in the Green Communities Legislation. In response to new legislated requirements, as well as opportunities such as the Federation of Canadian Municipalities PCP program, communities in BC have developed CEEPs, which contain emissions targets, inventories and proposed actions and policies to reach their energy and emissions reduction targets. Click here to learn more about climate change legislation in British Columbia.
- An Energy and Greenhouse Gas Management Plan is another term used to describe the process of conducting energy and emissions inventories, establishing reduction targets and identifying actions and policies to help the community achieve the targets it has established.
- An Integrated Community Energy Plan is a term used to describe CEPs that are developed using a principle-based approach, with the input of a diverse group of stakeholders. Integrated CEPs take into account a set of policy and technical principles known as Integrated Community Energy Solutions.
- The policy principles include (1) matching land use needs and mobility options, (2) matching energy options to local context, (3) sending clear and accurate price signals, (4) managing risks and being flexible, (5) emphasizing performance measures and outcomes in policy and regulations and (6) pursuing policy and program stability.
- The technical principles include: (1) improving efficiency, (2) optimizing exergy, (3) managing heat, (4) reducing waste, (5) using renewable resources and (6) using energy delivery systems strategically.
- To learn more about Integrated Community Energy Plans, read the QUEST Primer on Integrated Community Energy Planning.
In addition to the above, some Canadian communities are developing Municipal Climate Change and Adaptation Plans,Integrated Community Sustainability Plans and Energy Conservation and Demand Management Plans. Though these plans often contain some community energy considerations, it is often not the core focus of the plan and is therefore not typically considered a CEP. These plans are described below.
- A Municipal Climate Change and Adaptation Plan (MCCAP) is a term developed by the Nova Scotia government through the Canada-Nova Scotia Infrastructure Program. An MCCAP is a tool developed and used by municipalities in Nova Scotia to achieve greenhouse gas reduction targets and identify priorities related to climate change mitigation and adaptation. The mandate of a MCCAP typically extends beyond energy infrastructure, and takes into account community-wide infrastructure. MCCAPs are mandatory for every municipality in Nova Scotia. See the Nova Scotia Infrastructure Secretariat website here for more information about MCCAPs.
- An Integrated Community Sustainability Plan(ICSP) is a tool developed collaboratively with community stakeholders outlining a community’s objectives around sustainability. Though ICSPs often contain considerations about energy, they have usually a much broader scope.
- An Energy and Conservation and Demand Management Plan (CDM) is required by the Province of Ontario for all public agencies. A CDM plan contains information about how municipalities will conserve energy andincludes energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions data. The difference between a CDM plan and a CEP is that the CDM plan refers only to energy and emissions at the corporate level. A CEP includes community-wide actions to reduce energy consumption and emissions.